The Straits Settlements, which comprised Singapore, Malacca and Penang, became a crown colony under direct British control on 1 April 1867.
When was Singapore colonized by the British?
In 1819, British statesman Stamford Raffles negotiated a treaty whereby Johor allowed the British to locate a trading port on the island, leading to the establishment of the crown colony of Singapore in 1819. During World War II, Singapore was conquered and occupied by the Japanese Empire from 1942 to 1945.
When did Singapore become a Straits Settlement?
The Straits Settlements was formed by the amalgamation of Penang, Malacca and Singapore in 1826 followed by Labuan, which joined in 1906. Christmas Island and the Cocos-Keeling Islands became part of the Straits Settlements after they were incorporated into the settlement of Singapore in 1900 and 1903 respectively.
Why did Britain give up Singapore?
In November 1967, the British were forced to devalue the pound due to mounting economic problems. This led to deep cuts to its government budget, and it became increasingly clear that the British government could no longer uphold its military commitment in Southeast Asia.
Why was Singapore a Crown Colony?
The impetus for the conversion of the Straits Settlements into a crown colony was prompted by growing dissatisfaction with the Indian administration over issues such as piracy, port duties, currency, the transportation of convicts, as well as delays in judicial reforms.
What country owns Singapore?
Singapore became part of Malaysia on 16 September 1963 following a merger with Malaya, Sabah, and Sarawak. The merger was thought to benefit the economy by creating a common, free market, and to improve Singapore’s internal security. However, it was an uneasy union.
Who named Singapore?
However, the original legend was that a long time ago, a 14th century Sumatran prince spotted an auspicious beast upon landing on the island after a thunderstorm, which he was told was a ‘lion’. Thus, the name Singapore comes from the Malay words “Singa” for lion and “Pura” for city.
Was Singapore colonized by Japan?
Japanese military forces occupied it after defeating the combined British, Indian, Australian, and Malayan garrison in the Battle of Singapore.
Japanese occupation of Singapore.
|Syonan-to 昭南島 Shōnantō|
|• Britain surrenders Singapore to Japan||15 February 1942|
|• Allied bombing raids||Nov 1944 – May 1945|
|• Surrender of Japan||15 August 1945|
What does Crown Colony mean?
noun. a British colony in which the crown has the entire control of legislation and administration, as distinguished from one having a constitution and representative government.
Why Malay opposed the Malayan Union?
The Malays generally opposed the creation of the Union. The opposition was due to the methods Sir Harold MacMichael used to acquire the Sultans’ approval, the reduction of the Sultans’ powers, and easy granting of citizenship to immigrants.