2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami: Facts, FAQs, and how to help. A powerful undersea earthquake that struck off the coast of Sumatra island, Indonesia, set off the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, also known as the Christmas or Boxing Day tsunami, on Sunday morning, Dec. 26, 2004.
Where did tsunami hit in Indonesia?
Indonesia was hit with several major earthquakes and tsunamis in 2018 with the first major ones striking off Lombok on 29 July 2018 and followed by earthquakes, tsunami and liquefaction in Central Sulawesi on 28 September 2018, damaging hundreds of thousands of houses in both areas and displacing hundreds of thousands …
Why was the 2004 tsunami so deadly?
The violent movement of the Earth’s tectonic plates displaced an enormous amount of water, sending powerful shock waves in every direction. The tectonic plates in this area had been pushing against each other and building pressure for thousands of years.
Why is December 26 2004 a black day for the world?
December 26, 2004 was a Black Day for the world because a tsunami was being unleashed through a gigantic earthquake in the Indian Ocean. … Tsunami means a wave train,or series of waves caused in a sea or ocean by submarine earthquakes. “Tsu” means Harbour and “Nami” means Wave.
What was the biggest tsunami?
How big was the Indonesian tsunami?
The greatest run-up height of the tsunami was measured at a hill between Lhoknga and Leupung, on the western coast of the northern tip of Sumatra, near Banda Aceh, and reached 51 m (167 ft). The tsunami heights in Sumatra: 15–30 m (49–98 ft) on the west coast of Aceh. 6–12 m (20–39 ft) on the Banda Aceh coast.
When was the last tsunami in the world?
Tsunami of January 22, 2017 (Bougainville, P.N.G.)
What to do if a tsunami is coming?
IF YOU ARE UNDER A TSUNAMI WARNING:
- First, protect yourself from an Earthquake. …
- Get to high ground as far inland as possible. …
- Be alert to signs of a tsunami, such as a sudden rise or draining of ocean waters.
- Listen to emergency information and alerts.
- Evacuate: DO NOT wait! …
- If you are in a boat, go out to sea.
Do tsunamis hit Hawaii?
Tsunamis are a series of very dangerous, large, long ocean waves. … Since 1946, more than 220 people have died in the State of Hawaii, including six on Oahu, due to tsunamis.