The Viet Cong arose after the defeat of the French colonial forces at Dien Bien Phu, which prompted the United States to become gradually more and more involved in Vietnam.
Where did the Viet Cong come from?
The Vietnamese Communists, or Vietcong, were the military branch of the National Liberation Front (NLF), and were commanded by the Central Office for South Vietnam, which was located near the Cambodian border. For arms, ammunition and special equipment, the Vietcong depended on the Ho Chi Minh trail.
Who started the Viet Cong?
Did the US create the Viet Cong?
First de Marrais tells them that it was Americans who created the Viet Minh, a precursor to the Viet Cong, in 1945. … The OSS, later to become the CIA, only backed the Viet Minh in world war two because it was already an established guerrilla group, capable of spying on the Japanese.
Who was the leader of Viet Cong?
Viet Cong (National Liberation Front)
Nguyễn Hữu Thọ was the chairman of the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam.
How did Viet Cong win?
The main objectives and aims of the Vietcong were to use guerilla warfare to achieve victory against the USA. This meant that they had to retreat when the enemy attacked, pursue when they retreated, attack when they tired and raid when they camped. … It also helped them counter the enemies air raids.
Is Vietnam still communist?
Government of Vietnam
The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a one-party state. A new state constitution was approved in April 1992, replacing the 1975 version. The central role of the Communist Party was reasserted in all organs of government, politics and society.
Was the Viet Cong good or bad?
The Viet Cong were a smaller piece of North Vietnam’s fighting force. They were pretty much decimated after the Tet Offensive. The North Vietnamese Army was the bulk of the fighting force. They were well trained, well equipped and had good leaders.
What is Viet Cong short for?
The group is better known as the Viet Cong (Việt Cộng) or V.C., short for “Vietnamese Communist.” American soldiers called the Vietnamese communist forces Charlie (which is the letter “C” in the NATO phonetic alphabet), no matter whether North Vietnamese or Vietcong.
Why did the US get involved in Vietnam?
China had become communist in 1949 and communists were in control of North Vietnam. The USA was afraid that communism would spread to South Vietnam and then the rest of Asia. It decided to send money, supplies and military advisers to help the South Vietnamese Government.
Why did the US fail in Vietnam?
America “lost” South Vietnam because it was an artificial construct created in the wake of the French loss of Indochina. Because there never was an “organic” nation of South Vietnam, when the U.S. discontinued to invest military assets into that construct, it eventually ceased to exist.