Java, also spelled Djawa or Jawa, island of Indonesia lying southeast of Malaysia and Sumatra, south of Borneo (Kalimantan), and west of Bali. Java is home to roughly half of Indonesia’s population and dominates the country politically and economically.
What island does most of the population of Indonesia live on?
Indonesians are separated by seas and clustered on islands. The largest cluster is on Java, with some 130 million inhabitants (60 percent of the country’s population) on an island the size of New York State. Sumatra, much larger than Java, has less than a third of its people.
What are the 5 main islands of Indonesia?
It comprises five main islands: Sumatra, Java, Borneo (known as Kalimantan in Indonesia), Sulawesi, and New Guinea; two major island groups (Nusa Tenggara and the Maluku Islands) and sixty smaller island groups.
Why do most people in Indonesia live in Java?
Originally Answered: Why is Java so densely populated relative to other Indonesian islands? Java volcanic soil is more fertile than the rest of the archipelego and the island has more farmland and hence can carry a larger population.
What is Java called today?
During these colonial times, the Dutch introduced the cultivation of commercial plants in Java, such as sugarcane, rubber, coffee, tea, and quinine. In the 19th and early 20th century, Javanese coffee gained global popularity. Thus, the name “Java” today has become a synonym for coffee.
Is Borneo a part of Indonesia?
Covering an area of roughly 287,000 square miles, Borneo is the third-largest island in the world. It is divided into four political regions: Kalimantan belongs to Indonesia; Sabah and Sarawak are part of Malaysia; a small remaining region comprises the sultanate of Brunei.
How old do Indonesians live?
Indonesia Demographics Profile
|Population||267,026,366 (July 2020 est.)|
|Median age||total: 31.1 years male: 30.5 years female: 31.8 years (2020 est.)|
|Population growth rate||0.79% (2020 est.)|
|Birth rate||15.4 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)|
|Death rate||6.6 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)|
What is Java now famous for?
Java has been famous for rice surpluses and rice exports since ancient times, and rice farming has contributed to the island’s population growth. Indonesia is the third largest producer of rice in the world and also one of the largest consumers of rice in the world.