No matter how the Philippine memorial is packaged, the direct cause of the disputes between China and the Philippines is the latter’s illegal occupation of some of China’s islands and reefs in the South China Sea.
What is the dispute between China and Philippines?
The Spratly Islands dispute is an ongoing territorial dispute between China, Taiwan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Vietnam, and Brunei, concerning “ownership” of the Spratly Islands, a group of islands and associated “maritime features” (reefs, banks, cays, etc.) located in the South China Sea.
Why did the Philippines file a case against China?
Background of the Case
On 22 January 2013, the Philippines instituted arbitral proceedings against China in a dispute concerning their respective “maritime entitlements” and the legality of Chinese activities in the South China Sea.
Are the Philippines a US ally?
The United States and the Philippines are treaty allies under the Mutual Defense Treaty of 1951. The Philippines is the oldest security ally of the US in Southeast Asia and one of the five treaty allies of the US in the Pacific region.
Is South China Sea belong to Philippines?
About the South China Sea (SCS) … The two major archipelagos are known as the Paracel Islands, controlled by China, and the Spratly Islands. The entire Spratly Islands are claimed by Taiwan, Vietnam, and China, while Brunei, Malaysia, and the Philippines claim part of the archipelago.
Who are the current senators in the Philippines?
|Juan Miguel Zubiri||Independent||June 30, 2016|
|Sonny Angara||LDP||June 30, 2019|
Why Guam is not part of the Philippines?
When Mexico won its independence from Spain in September of 1810, the Marianas were governed and administered through the Spanish-established administrative government in the Philippines. … After the defeat of Spain in the Spanish-American War of 1898, Guam and the Philippines fell under American rule.
Is Borneo part of Philippines?
The Philippines maintains its territorial claim over Sabah based on the 1878 “Lease Treaty” and based on the historical account that Sabah is a gift from the Sultan of Brunei to the Sultan of Sulu, which is now a region and part of the sovereign territory of the Philippines.
When did the Philippines take China to court?
On 29 October 2015, the arbitral tribunal ruled that it has jurisdiction over the case, taking up seven of the 15 submissions made by the Philippines. On 12 July 2016, the special arbitral tribunal ruled in favor of the Philippines on most of its submissions.
What is the right or entitlement of the Philippines under international law that is being violated by China?
Under UNCLOS, every coastal state is entitled as a matter of international law to a 200-nm EEZ, plus an additional 150-nm ECS where applicable, drawn from baselines on continental land or islands. … China’s 9-dashed line claim negates, and thus violates, the Philippines’ legal entitlement under UNCLOS to an EEZ and ECS.