|Indonesian National Revolution|
|Casualties and losses|
|Indonesia: 45,000–100,000 dead Japanese volunteers: 531 dead British Raj defectors: 525 dead||Netherlands: 6,228 dead United Kingdom: 1,200 dead Japan: 1,057 dead|
|Civilians casualties 25,000–100,000 dead|
How many Indonesians died during Dutch occupation?
Two military campaigns followed in which an estimated 150,000 Indonesians and 5,000 Dutch soldiers died. Eventually, international pressure forced the Dutch to concede independence in 1949.
How many Indonesians died in WWII?
After the declaration, the Netherlands waged a war to re-establish colonial control over Indonesia. The war, whose dead included Indonesians killed by summary execution, cost an estimated 300,000 Indonesian lives and around 6,000 casualties on the Dutch side.
What did the Dutch do to Indonesia?
From 1910, the Dutch created the most centralised state power in Southeast Asia. Politically, the highly centralised power structure, including the exorbitant powers of exile and censorship, established by the Dutch administration was carried over into the new Indonesian republic.
What spices did the Dutch want from Indonesia?
The Dutch were drawn to Indonesia in the late 1500s by the promise of immense profits in the lucrative spice trade. Cloves, nutmeg and mace – found only on a few volcanic islands in Indonesia – were luxury items in Medieval Europe. They were highly valued for their exotic flavours and perceived medicinal properties.
How many Indonesians did Japan kill?
Moreover, we have the one estimate that a total of 4,000,000 Indonesians died in the war from all causes (line 296). Finally, adding the forced labor and massacre deaths (line 297) gives a total that can be compared with these above figures.
Why did Indonesia occupy Japan?
The Japanese occupied the archipelago in order, like their Portuguese and Dutch predecessors, to secure its rich natural resources. Japan’s invasion of North China, which had begun in July 1937, by the end of the decade had become bogged down in the face of stubborn Chinese resistance.
How did the Japanese treat female prisoners of war?
10. Female prisoners of war were raped, deliberately infected with syphilis, and forcibly impregnated for the purpose of scientific research by the Japanese. Although male prisoners of war under the Japanese Empire endured intolerable and sustained abuse, female prisoners equally suffered.
Is slavery legal in Indonesia?
Summary of Domestic Prohibition
There appears to be no legislation in place in Indonesia which prohibits institutions and practices similar to slavery, although adoption through the promise of consideration for the purpose of exploitation is criminalised under article 5 of Law 21.
Why did Dutch power decline in India?
The Dutch power decline in India following the Kew letters followed by the provisions of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty. Explanation: The first half of the eighteenth century saw an increase in Dutch business over India, however, the second half resulted in an opposite turn back and they lost their influence over the land.