A naval base was constructed in Sembawang and huge guns were emplaced in strategic locations along Singapore’s coastlines to fend off possible naval attacks which made people believe that Singapore had good defence and was a safe country. Hence, people thought that Singapore was an impregnable fortress.
Why was Singapore once thought to be impregnable fortress?
Newspapers referred to Singapore as being a “Gibraltar of the East”, a “fortress” that was “impregnable”, suggesting that the island was virtually impossible to conquer. … Conscious that British defences were focused on the sea, Japan approached Singapore from its back door, Malaya.
Was Singapore an impregnable fortress?
Singapore as a Crown Colony was known as the ‘Impregnable Fortress’. Before World War Two began, the British had equipped Singapore with coastal guns and an air force. Singapore became known as the “Gibraltar of the East” or “Fortress Singapore”. But all that changed on 8 December 1941.
Why was it believed that Singapore was impenetrable and safe from Japanese invasion?
Churchill touted it as the Gibraltar of the East. Churchill and the Admiralty believed Singapore impregnable because the Naval Base protected the city from attack by sea, while to the north of the island, on the mainland, hundreds of miles of dense jungle appeared to be impenetrable.
Why was Singapore attacked by Japan?
In July 1941, when Japanese troops occupied French Indochina, the Japanese telegraphed their intentions to transfer Singapore from the British to its own burgeoning empire. … On February 8, 5,000 Japanese troops landed on Singapore Island.
Why did the British lose Singapore to the Japanese?
The British Empire’s air, naval, and ground forces which were needed to protect the Malayan peninsula were inadequate from the start, and the failure of General Percival to counter the pincer movements of the Japanese led to the withdrawal of British Empire forces to Singapore.
What happened to General Percival after Singapore?
Percival has gone down in history as the man who surrendered 136,000 men after Singapore surrendered in February 1942. After the war Percival wrote about his command in Malaya and Singapore but many reviewers gave unfavourable reviews to his book.